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Kanha Reptiles

Pictures of Reptiles found in Kanha National Park in Central India:
chamaeleon in kanha national park
Chamaeleon in Kanha
common-krait kanha india
Common Krait
egg-eating-snake in kanha
Egg Eating Snake
garden lizard kanha national park
Garden Lizard
chamaeleon in kanha national park
Saw Scaled Viper in Kanha
common-krait kanha india
Snake Skink
egg-eating-snake in kanha
Dhaman / Rat Snake
Russell Viper Kanha National park
Russell Viper
       

 

Below is the Reptiles list of Kanha National Park. It contains common names, scientific names and their short introductory information of all major reptiles (including rare species) found in Kanha India.

S. No.
Common Name &(Scientific Name)
Short Description
1
Brook's Gecko
(Hemidactylus brooki )
Brook's Gecko is a widespread species of gecko having common name Western House Gecko. It belongs to nocturnal species which appears after sunset and remain active in night hours. Its head is large and flat, fingers have adhesive pads and fine claws. General body color is brownish or grayish t yellowish. In night body seems paler with dorsal markings. It can be seen close to human settlement in Kanha Park area. They feed small insects, mosquitoes and other small invertebrates. Average length of body is 110 mm.
2
Wall Lizard
(Hemidactylus flavivridis)
Total length of Wall Lizard is 111mm approx. in which head to body is 58mm and tail is 60mm long. Its head is large & flat. During day time they remain inactive & hidden. Tail is depressed with rows 6 to 8 spine like tubercles. Their body color is brownish or grayish to yellowish. They are often seen close to human settlement. We may find them in Kanha resorts also. They feed small invertebrates, insects etc.
3
Collegal Rock-gecko
(Cyrtodactylus Collegalentsis )
It is a species of geckonidae family. They can be described as lizards and feed harmful insects so they are beneficial for human society. They are mainly arboricolous.
4
Common Garden Lizard
(Calotes versicolor)
Common Garden Lizard belongs to agamid lizard family. These lizards are generally found in bushes & trees. They have broad brown bands on the back, black streaks radiate from eyes, yellowish lateral band. It has 2 small group of spines, separated from each other, dorsal crest moderately elevated on the neck. During breeding season color of males head and shoulder becomes bright red with black ring on neck. They are capable to change body color especially males. Their average length is 15inches.
5
White banded Lizard
(Calotes emma)
It is also known as Forest Crested Lizard. Have 3 small groups of spines, separate from each other. Its identifying feature is single spine above each eye and twin spines above external ear drum. Its dorsal crest is well developed on neck. Its length is 11 inches which includes tail of 8 inches. They can be often seen in tree trunks.
6
Fan-throated Lizard
(Sitana ponticeriana)
It is a lizard of agamid family found in Kanha India. They are two size-variant species of it in which larger one is up to 80 mm and smaller one is up to 50 mm in length. They are often found in open grounds. Their dorsal scales are larger than ventrals and are more active in morning hours when air temperature is less than 32 degree celcius. During breeding season their appendage gets more developed. Tail is round, slender and longer than rest of  the body. They are olive brown from above.
7
Blandford's Rock Lizard
(Psammophilus blanfordanus)
Blandford’s Rock Agama  is an agamid lizard and found most of the North India. Its length from snout to vent is 100mm and tail is 200mm long. Its males are longer than females. Months of May & June are their breeding season. In appearance, it is olive brown from above, lozenge shaped dark spots on back & tail. During mating season, head and anterior part of male become scarlet or red in colour.
8
Brozen Skink
(Mabuya macularia )
Bronze Grass Skink belong to species of skink and very commonly seen close to human society. Its local name in Brahmini and is considered sacred in Hindu religion. In appearance it seems oily brown& golden and skin shines. It is harmless skink and feed small insects. In Hindu religion its presence in house is considered lucky. Its length is 5 to 6 inch long. We can find him in kitchen garden of villages of Kanha National Park.
9
Common Keeled Grass Skink
(Mabuya Carinata)
Also known by the name of Golden Skink. It is a member of skink family found in South Asia. Their average length is 14 inches long in which tail is 9.5 inches in length. It appears brown from above with uniformly distributed black spots in a row. Lower surface of body is yellowish. Their breeding season is from November to December.
10
Snake Skink
(Riopa albopunctata)
Skinks are most diversified group of lizards. They are carnivorous lizards and usually feed small insects like grass hoppers, beetles, caterpillars, earthworms, snails, isopods etc.  Their average size is 12 cm. Their body is slender and elongated with small head, slender limbs and smooth scales. Body color is usually brownish or copper green. Their eyelids are not movable.
11
Monitor Lizard
(Varanus bengalensis)
Also known by the name of Goannas and are member of Varanidae family. They are carnivorous lizards. Their body length can be from 12 to 36 cms. They are cold blooded by nature and hence make more efficient use of food. They generally feed crabs, snakes, eggs, small birds, rodents, dead bodies etc. They lives in burrows close to water source. Female gestation period ranges from 30 – 40 days and can lay up to 40 eggs at a time.
12
Brahminy Bind Snake
(Ramphotyphlops braminus)
As the name suggests, it is a small harmless blind snake found in many parts of India. It is often taken as earthworm due to similar appearance. It eyes are defunct only capable to detecting presence or absence of light. Body color is pale brown, grey or yellowish brown. Usually they live underground but during monsoon, more often seen in ground. They feed insects, larvae and beetles and are termed as opportunistic feeder. Their breeding season is May to July.
13
Indian Rock Python
(Python molurus)
Indian Rock Python is a non-venomous python species of average length 3 meters. Its local Indian name is Ajgar. Generally found in swamps, marshy area, grasslands, river valley, hollow trunks, mangrove thickets. They like to remain close to water source. They feed small to medium sized mammals, reptiles, birds etc. They kill their prey by winding around its body and tightening the grip so that he die due to suffocation. Female can lay up to 100 eggs at a time.
14
Common Wolf Snake
(Lycodon aulicus)
It is a nocturnal snake found in most of the South Asia. As it is nocturnal snake, it remains almost inactive in day-time and active in nights. Its snout is small, broad and flat. Its body color varies with its habitat. They prefer live close to human dwellings as its prey like lizards, rodents are easily available their. Their average length of male is 50 cm & female is 65cm which means females are longer than males.. They are not so harmful for human beings as they are non-venomous. Their breeding season is from November to January. Female can lay up to 11 eggs at a time.
15
Cantor's Black-headed Snake
(Sibynophis sagitarous)
It is a 13 inch long gray or tan snake with dary gray head cap. Posterior edge of the head cap is bordered with cream or white collar. There is white patch marks on each cheek behind the eye. Its breeding season is summers and lays upto 4 eggs at a time. It feed small rodents, mice, small birds and other small insects.
16
Dhaman/ Rat Snake
(Ptyas mucosus)
It is a common species of colubrid snake, found in Kanha Park area. They can be commonly seen close to human society as their natural prey rats are available their. It body color varies according to its habitation. In dry locality its body color is brown whereas in moist area its body color is black. Its eyes are comparatively larger. It is harmless for human beings as it belongs to non-venomous snake family. They are preyed upon eagle, mongoose, kraits & kraits. Their gestation period varies with the size of eggs.
17
Banded Racer
(Argyrogena fasciolatus)
Also known by the name of Fasciolated Ratsnake. It appears olive brown in colour varying shades from yellowish to rich brown. Its belly is white to yellow. Its body is long and tapered. Head is broad between neck & eye. Tail is ¼ of the complete body. It feed mouse, frogs, lizards and other small insects. Generally it remains away from human society and moves swiftly. They can be seen in monsoon season in forest of Kanha National Park.
18
Spectacled Cobra
(Naja naja)
Often known as Indian Cobra, Cobra found in Indian subcontinent. Naja naja belongs to species of venomous snake and is considered dangerous for human beings. Cobra bites incidences at local villages in Kanha forest, often come in to noticeTwo circular ocelli can be seen in hood. Its length can be from 6 ft. to 8 ft. They lay 10 to 30 eggs in months of April to July and were hatched after 50 to 70 days. They feed frogs, rodents, small birds, snakes etc.
19
Russell's Viper
(Vipera russelli )
Indian Russell’s viper is a venomous snake found in Indian subcontinent. It is short-tempered snake with irritable nature due to which it is considered most dangerous snake for human society. Its length varies from 4 ft. to 5.5 ft. Head is 6 inches wide and 2 inches long. Head is flat and triangular in shape. They are more active in winters. Their natural habitat is farmlands, grasses & bushes area. They feed rodents, mice, frogs, crabs, squirrel etc. Their gestation period is 6 months and can produce 30-60 litters at a time.
20
Saw -scaled Viper
(Echis carinatus)
Saw-scaled Viper belongs to venomous viper species snake and is one of the big-four dangerous snakes of India. Its snout is short and round, head is distinct from neck. Body colour pattern comprises grayish, pale buff, reddish, olive, brown ground color etc. Its body length ranges from 40 cms to 70cms. Generally found in scrublands, rocky areas, sand etc. By nature it is a nocturnal snake but sometime remain active in day time also. They feed squirrels, frogs, rodents, lizards, scorpions and other small invertebrates. Their breeding season is from April to August and 5-15 eggs laid at a time.
21
Indian Egg-eating Snake
(Elachistodon westermanni )
They are also known by the name of Westmann’s snake and are counted in endangered species. They can be 10 mtr. Long. In appearance, they have black stripe runs from rostral to neck with base color olive. Their Tail is relatively short. Their are commonly found in moist deciduous trophical forest.
22
Indian Dragon
(Draco dussumieri)
It is also known as flying lizard as it can fly from tree to tree. It belongs to Agamidae family, Reptilia class. Its wings are of ground-colour, blackish violet lines. Its tail is 135mm long and from snout to vent it s 95mm.
23
Chamaeleon
(Chamaeleon zeylanicus)
Indian Chameleon have long tongue, bifit clasper shaped feet, independent eye movement and prehensile tail. They have ability to change skin colour in order control body temperature and to communicate with other chameleons. Their eyes are large and covered by thick granular lid pierced with small opening of pupil. Its total length from snout to tail is 15 inches.


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